Cell Phone Radiation and Male Fertility 手机辐射与男性生育力

分类:医学文献 38 0

The use of cell phones and the effects of lonizing radiation on male fertility has become an health concern. Since cell phones are constantly being used across the globe and are often placed in the pockets of pants,mere centimeters from the testes,these phones are a very noteworthy topic.

手机的使用以及电离辐射对男性生育能力的影响已经成为一个健康隐患。由于手机在全球范围内不断被使用,并且经常被放在裤子口袋,距离睾丸仅几厘米,因此手机是一个非常值得关注的话题。

Stopczyk demonstrated that radio frequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) produced by cell phones significantly deplete SOD-I activity,thereby increasing the concentration of malo-nyldialdehyde (MDA) after 1,5,and 7 minutes of exposure in a suspension of human blood platelets (1).This team concluded that oxidative stress after exposure to microwaves may be the reason for many adverse changes in cells and could cause a number of systemic disturbances in the human body.

Stopczyk 证明手机产生的射频电磁波会在很大程度上消耗超氧化物歧化酶活性,使得丙二醛在暴露于人体血小板悬浮液的 1,5 和 7分钟后浓度增加(1)。该团队得出的结论是,暴露于微波后的氧化应激可能是细胞发生许多不利变化的原因,并可能导致人体出现多种全身性紊乱。

Various epidemiological studies proposed that cell phone usage might cause decreases in sperm count and other sperm parameters(2,3). A study by Friedman et al. revealed that cellphone radiation could lead to generation of ROS(4).Results showed a significant increase in ROS production and a decrease in sperm motility, viability, and ROS-TAC score in exposed semen samples. A possible explanation for the production of ROS is the stimulation of the plasma membrane redox system of spermatozoa due to this radiation. Furthermore, the electromagnetic wave-dependent decrease in melatonin can predispose sperm to oxidative stress,which as mentioned results in poor semen quality(5).

各种流行病学研究表明,使用手机可能会导致精子数量和其他参数下降(2,3)。 Friedman等人的一项研究揭示手机辐射可能导致活性氧的产生(4)。结果表明,暴露的精液样本中活性氧的产生显著增加,精子活力、存活性和活性氧-总抗氧化活性得分降低。产生活性氧的一个可能原因是这种辐射刺激了精子的质膜氧化还原系统。此外,电磁波依赖性的褪黑激素减少会使精子容易受到氧化应激的影响,而这会导致精液质量变差(5)。

Considerable research is still required to conclude the exact effects of cell phones on male fertility. The close proximity of cellphones to the testes in men is a factor that may increase the risks of radiation. Since cell phones are constantly sending and receiving data regardless of whether they are actually being operated at the time by the owner, men may be constantly exposed to potentially harmful waves that could have negative effects on their reproductive success.

仍然需要大量研究来总结手机对男性生育能力的确切影响。手机离男性睾丸太近,可能会增加辐射的风险。由于手机在不断地发送和接收数据,而不管它们当时是否被使用,男性可能会不断受到辐射,可能对其生育能力产生负面影响。

Reference 数据参考

1. Stopczyk D,Gnitecki W,Buczynski A, Kowalski W,BuczynskaM, Kroc A. Effect of electromagnetic field produced by mobilephones on the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD-1)- invitro researches. Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis2005; 51 (Suppl) 1: 125-8.

2. Agarwal A, Desai NR, Makker K,Varghese A, Mouradi R,Sabanegh E, et al. Effects of radiofrequency electromagneticwaves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculatedsemen: an in vitro pilot study. Fertility and Sterility,2008.

3. Deepinder F, Makker K, Agarwal A. Cell phones and male infer-tility:dissecting the relationship. Reproductive BiomedicineOnline 2007; 15 (3) : 266-70.

4. Friedman J, Kraus S, Hauptman Y, Schiff Y, Seger R. Mechanismof short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fieldsat mobile phone frequencies. The Biochemical Journal2007; 405 (3) : 559-68.

5. Burch JB, Reif JS, Yost MG, Keefe TJ, Pitrat CA. Nocturnal excre-tion of a urinary melatonin metabolite among electric utilityworkers. Scandinavian journal of work, environment and health1998; 24 (3) : 183-9.

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